what is the full form of CPU parts and TYPES

The full form of CPU and parts is a central processing unit and Computer processors are electronic devices that process information. They are the “brain” of computers, servers, and any other device that processes data. There are several different types of processors with different functions. The primary classifications of processors include general-purpose, specialized, and microprocessors. Let’s take a closer look at what these terms mean, as well as the different types of processors you might come across when researching different computer components. General-purpose processors are commonly referred to as central processing units (CPUs) because they serve as the main processing unit in computer systems. They can be used for a wide range of tasks, from word processing to scientific research. CPUs consist primarily of logic gates with some memory built in to store instructions for specific tasks and any necessary data.

Full form of CPU parts

Specialized Processors

A specialized processor is designed for performing a narrow set of tasks, often in a single technology environment. Some examples of specialized processors include digital signal processors (DSPs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), and graphics processing units (GPUs). DSPs are often used in audio and communications systems for filtering, compression, and encryption. FPGAs are used in computing systems for specific tasks, such as data mining and network management. ASICs are used in many applications, including networking, broadband, and wireless communications. While they aren’t commonly used as the primary computing device on a computer system, specialized processors are often used as co-processors, which are processors that assist the primary processor with specific tasks. For example, many computer systems use GPU co-processors to accelerate graphics processing and produce high-quality images.


Microprocessors are CPUs designed to handle specific functions in computer systems. They are typically used as the primary processor in a computer system. Unlike general-purpose CPUs, microprocessors are designed to perform a limited number of highly specialized tasks. Some examples of tasks microprocessors are designed to perform include controlling system hardware, executing software, and performing mathematical calculations. There are two types of microprocessors: UMPU (Unified Microprocessor Unit) and MPPU (Modified Microprocessor Unit). UMPUs combine a GPU, CPU, and other features on a single chip. MPPUs are CPUs that share logic with other functions, such as memory, graphics, or other features. Most modern CPUs are MPPUs.

Integrated-circuit processors

Integrated-circuit processors or ICs are a type of specialized processor used for specific tasks, such as controlling systems, sensing and measuring physical properties, and performing mathematical calculations. They are designed to be used in combination with other components to form ICs, which are circuits that perform complex functions. ICs are commonly used in devices such as computers and mobile phones, as well as in medical, industrial, aerospace, and automotive devices. They are also used in a wide range of other products, such as home appliances, toys, and security systems.

Digital signal processors

Digital signal processors are specialized processors that perform mathematical operations on digital signals, such as audio, video, and data. They are used to control and manipulate the flow of data in real-time and often include built-in memory for storing instructions for the tasks they are designed to perform. Unlike CPUs, DSPs are designed to perform specific mathematical operations in real-time. They are commonly used in computers, mobile phones, radios, televisions, and professional audio equipment. DSPs are also used in a wide range of other products and systems, such as medical devices, industrial controls, and satellites.


A computer processor is an electronic device that performs calculations and other functions in computer systems. There are several different types of processors with different functions. The primary types of processors are general-purpose, specialized, and integrated-circuit processors. The most common type of processor is the general-purpose CPU, which is used in most computers and devices. When shopping for computer components, it’s helpful to understand the different types of processors and what they are used for.


What is the full form of CPU

ANS:- central processing unit

First CPU invented

ANS:- intel 4004

who invented CPU

ANS:- Federico Faggin